Statement of Additional Information (SAI)
Convertible Arbitrage & ARBIX Explained
Convertible Arbitrage: Where does it Fit?
The Core Strength of Convertible Arbitrage
Eric Hage, Managing Director, Absolute Investment Advisers & Portfolio Manager of the Absolute Convertible Arbitrage Fund
“…Returns for the quarter were mainly driven by holding/adding to higher conviction positions as convertibles gradually tightened from cheap to closer to fair value.”
The Absolute Convertible Arbitrage Fund (symbol: ARBIX) returned +0.79% in the third quarter of 2021. The year-to-date return through 3Q 2021 stands at +2.23%.
Convertible arbitrage performance is driven by a wide variety of factors including individual security selection/position weighting, supply & demand forces within the convertibles market, convertible fair value modeled valuations, absolute and relative implied credit spreads, interest rates and underlying equities volatility.
High yield credit spreads, interest rates and underlying realized equity volatility for small/mid cap stocks were all very close to unchanged over the 3Q 2021 which made profiting from market changes challenging. Returns for the quarter were mainly driven by holding/adding to higher conviction positions as convertibles gradually tightened from cheap to closer to fair value. Additionally, implied credit spreads of convertibles narrowed a bit closer to high yield spreads, but still remain significantly wider despite lower default rates for convertibles.
As pointed out in our 2Q commentary, the heavy issuance of convertibles over the past 18+ months has kept convertible valuations cheap in terms of both relative credit spreads to high yield, and in terms of modeled valuations. The relative credit spread between high yield and convertibles tightened about 40 basis points over the quarter, but convertibles still remain about 100 basis points wider at over 400 basis points currently for non-investment grade converts. According to Jefferies, modeled valuations for the convertibles market as a whole (which includes a heavy weighting of large caps) tightened from about .6% cheap to .2% cheap. However, when you drill down and look at small cap convertibles only, that segment of the convertibles market remains close to 2% below fair value (source: Kynex) offering further room for future performance.
The most interesting development in the 3Q of 2021 was the significant move higher in interest rates from early August to late September as doubts grew about the Fed’s ability/commitment to stay in front of future inflation. Was the move higher in rates a harbinger for things to come over the next few years? If so, could rates overshoot higher than where we were pre-pandemic? It is possible and such a scenario is obviously not good for bond investments and equity valuations, leaving investors with a predicament of where to go with money in the next few years.
It is worthwhile to examine recent short-term performance of various investments during the recent spike in interest rates from August 3, 2021 to September 28, 2021. During that period, the 5 year treasury yield rose from 0.65% to 1.02% with the 10 year rising a similar amount. During that 8 week period, the Bloomberg Aggregate Bond Index returned -1.40%, the iBoxx Investment Grade Bond Index returned -1.80%, the S&P 500 returned -1.37%, the iBoxx High Yield Bond Index +0.54% and ARBIX returned +0.70%. This Further illustrates the resistance of ARBIX to higher moves in interest rates (see Table 1 below).
It is also worthwhile to discuss again why ARBIX is resistant to interest rate moves. Beyond what we said in the second paragraph of this piece about many factors playing a part in performance, some of the move higher in interest rates was offset by some modest, short term, higher episodes of equity volatility. As we discussed in our 2Q commentary “the good news is that secondary convertible bond prices now reflect substantially reduced volatility assumptions going forward which could provide some unexpected upside if volatility rebounds.” Additionally, ARBIX maintains a portfolio interest rate hedge to offset a future, and potentially much bigger move, higher in interest rates.
(Definitions, supporting data and risk disclosure below)
Quarter-End Performance for ARBIX: As of 6/30/21, the 1 year, 5 year and 10 year annualized performance for the Absolute Convertible Arbitrage Fund was 8.48%, 6.50% and 4.68% respectively. Performance data quoted represents past performance and is no guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance data quoted. Investment return and principal value will fluctuate so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than the original cost. To obtain performance information current to the most recent month-end, call the Fund at 888-99-ABSOLUTE. Returns include the reinvestment of dividends and capital gains. Some of the Fund’s fees were waived or expenses reimbursed; otherwise, returns would have been lower.
As stated in the prospectus, the Absolute Convertible Arbitrage Fund’s Total Annual Operating Expense ratio (gross) for Institutional Shares is 1.90% and the net expense ratio is 1.59% through August 1, 2022. However, Absolute Investment Advisers LLC, the Fund’s Adviser, has contractually agreed to waive its fee and/or reimburse Fund expenses to limit Total Annual Fund Operating Expenses to 1.20% through August 1, 2022 (the “Expense Cap”). This Expense Cap, which excludes all taxes, interest, portfolio transaction expenses, dividend and interest expenses on short sales, acquired fund fees and expenses, broker charges, proxy expenses and extraordinary expenses, may only be raised or eliminated with the consent of the Board of Trustees.
HEDGE FUND CONVERSION – In August 2017, a hedge fund managed by Mohican Financial Management LLC reorganized into the Fund. The Fund’s performance for periods prior to the commencement of operations is that of the hedge fund and is based on calculations that are different from the standardized method of calculations adopted by the SEC. The performance of the hedge fund was calculated net of the hedge fund’s fees and expenses. The performance of the hedge fund is not the performance of the Fund, has not been restated to reflect the fees, estimated expenses and fee waivers and/or expense limitations of the Fund, and is not necessarily indicative of the Fund’s future performance. If the performance of the hedge fund had been restated to reflect the applicable fees and expenses of the Fund, the performance may have been lower. The hedge fund was not registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (“1940 Act”) and was not subject to certain investment limitations, diversification requirements and other restrictions imposed by the 1940 Act and the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, which, if applicable, may have adversely affected its performance.
TABLE 1: ARBIX has been positive in all 8 rising rate environments (measured by the 10 year US Treasury) since its inception in 2002
Table Data Through 9/30/21. Past performance is not indicative of future results. bps = Basis Points. 1 basis point = 1/100th of a percent
The Bloomberg Aggregate Bond Index is is a broad base, market capitalization-weighted bond market index representing intermediate term investment grade bonds traded in the United States. Investors frequently use the index as a stand-in for measuring the performance of the US bond market. The iBoxx Investment Grade Bond Index tracks the investment results of an index composed of U.S. dollar-denominated, investment grade corporate bonds. The S&P 500 Index or simply the S&P, is a stock market index that measures the stock performance of 500 large companies listed on stock exchanges in the United States. The iBoxx High Yield Bond Index consists of liquid USD high yield bonds, selected to provide a balanced representation of the broad USD high yield corporate bond universe.
Past performance does not guarantee future results. The Fund’s net asset value and investment return will fluctuate based upon changes in the value of its portfolio securities. There is no assur- ance that the Fund will achieve its investment objective, and an investment in the Fund is not by itself a complete or balanced investment program. For a complete description of the Fund’s principal investment risks please refer to the prospectus.
Asset allocation decisions may not always be correct and may ad- versely affect Fund performance. The value of a convertible securi- ty is influenced by changes in interest rates, with investment value declining as interest rates increase and increasing as interest rates decline. The credit standing of the issuer and other factors also may have an effect on a convertible security’s investment value. Debt securities have interest rate, inflation and credit risks and are subject to prepayment and default risk. High yield and junk securi- ties involve greater risk and tend to be more sensitive to eco- nomic conditions and credit risk. Short sales may be considered speculative and it may be difficult to purchase securities to meet delivery obligations. The Fund may leverage transactions which include selling securities short as well as borrowing for other than temporary or emergency purposes. Leverage creates the risk of magnified capital losses. Diversification does not prevent loss or enhance returns. Foreign investments present additional risk due to currency fluctuations, economic and political factors,
government regulations, differences in accounting standards and other factors. Investments in emerging markets involve even greater risks. Small, mid and large cap stocks are subject to substantial risks such as market, business, size volatility, management experience, product diversification, financial resource, competitive strength, liquidity, and potential to fall out of favor that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time, sometimes rapidly and unpredictably. The Fund is actively managed and may experience high turnover. This may cause higher fees, expenses and taxes, which could detract from Fund performance.
These views are subject to change at any time based on market and other conditions, and Absolute Investment Advisers disclaims any responsibility to update such views. No forecasts can be guaranteed. These views may not be relied upon as investment advice or as an indication of trading intent on behalf of any Absolute Investment Advised investment product.
Investors should carefully consider the Fund’s investments objectives, risks, charges and expenses before investing. This and other information is in the prospectus, a copy of which may be obtained by calling (888) 992-2765 or visiting the Fund’s web site: www.absoluteadvisers.com. Please read the prospectus carefully before you invest.
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